EMEND Presentations

Presentation Themes

Arthropod Diversity

Pinzon, Jaime, John R. Spence and David W. Langor. 2012. Diversity and species richness of spiders in different strata of boreal white spruce stands in Alberta.. Joint Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Canada and the Entomological Society of Alberta, 3-7 November.

Pinzon, Jaime, Stephane Bourassa and John R. Spence. 2012. Ground-dwelling arthropod assemblages following variable retention harvesting: Is green tree retention effective to maintain biodiversity?. Invited speaker to the Insects in the Forest litter and woody debris: Insect related interactions in a multi-trophic ecosystem Symposium at the XXIV International Congress of Entomology, 19-26 August.

Oxbrough, Anne, Jaime Pinzon, John O'Halloran and John Spence. 2011. Ground-dwelling spider community recovery five- and ten years post harvest in boreal mixedwood forests. The North American Forest Insect Work Conference (NAFIWC 2011).

Pinzon, Jaime, John Spence and David Langor. 2011. Responses of ground and understory-dwelling spider assemblages to variable retention harvesting. EMEND Annual Workshop.

Pinzon, Jaime and John R. Spence. 2011. Spider assemblages (Araneae) as a tool for sustainable management of the mixedwood boreal forest in North America. Arachnids as Bioindicators Symposium at the III Latinamerican Congress of Arachnology, 4-9 December.

Pinzon, Jaime. 2011. Spiders in the mixedwood boreal forest: Sustainable forest management by emulating natural disturbances. Keynote speaker, III Latinamerican Congress of Arachnology, 4-9 December.

Wood, Charlene, John R. Spence, David W. Langor. 2010. All logs are not created equal: downed wood beetle habitats. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Wood, Charlene M, Spence, John R, Langor, David W. 2010. Coarse Woody Material Has Value as Habitat for Saproxylic Beetles. IEA Bioenergy Task 43 & Long-Term Soil Productivity International Workshop, May 31- June 1, 2010.

Wood, C.M., Hammond, H.E.J., Langor, D.W., and Spence, J.R. 2010. Contributions to the knowledge of the Latridiidae (Coleoptera) of Alberta, Canada. 58th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Alberta, October 14- 16, 2010.

Pinzon, Jaime, John Spence and David Langor. 2010. Effects of harvesting on population dynamics and reproductive biology of boreal wolf spiders. 58th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Alberta.

Pinzon, Jaime, John Spence, David Langor. 2010. Harvesting and the issue of dominance: Using wolf spiders as a model for disturbance (and recovery). EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Lee, Seung-Il, John Spence, David Langor. 2010. Response of saproxylic beetles according to spruce deadwood decomposition and reserve patches. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Wood, CM, Spence, JR, Langor, DW. 2010. Saproxylic Beetle Microhabitats Within Logs. Society for Conservation Biology, 24th International Congress for Conservation Biology: Conservation for a changing planet, July 3-7, 2010.

Pinzon, Jaime and John Spence. 2010. Sustainable management of the boreal forest by the emulation of natural disturbances. Arthropod Conservation in Managed Landscapes symposium at the 24th International Congress of Conservation Biology.

Schwarzfeld, Marla and Felix Sperling. 2010. The impact of forest harvesting on a boreal parasitoid community. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Kamunya, Esther. 2010. The role of canopy and understory forest strata in maintaining boreal lepidopterans. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Wood, CM, Langor, DW, Spence, JR. 2010. The Saproxylic Community Requires a Deadwood Buffet. Society for Conservation Biology, 24th International Congress for Conservation Biology: Conservation for a changing planet, July 3-7, 2010.

Esch, Evan, Jim Witiw, David Langor. 2010. What is the conservation value of chip residue piles for invertebrates?. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Glassier, James. 2009. Ants of EMEND, with special attention to the carpenter ants. EMEND Workshop 2009, 16-17 April 2009.

Spence, John, Dave Langor, Jan Volney, M Koivula, T Work, S Abele, C Bergeron, S Bourassa, J Dunlop, J Edwards,C Hahn, J Hammond, D Hartley, J Jacobs, E Kamunya, S Lee, L Morneau, J Pinzon, M Pyper, D Shorthouse, D Williams, C Wood. 2009. Bugs, biodiversity, and EMEND. EMEND Peace Region Workshop: EMEND Decade 1, November 13, 2009.

Wood, Charlene M., John R. Spence and David W. Langor. 2009. Deadwood habitats important for maintaining saproxylic beetle biodiversity. Envisioning Tomorrow's Forests: Knowledge Networking for Sustainability. SFM Network Conference. April 21-23, 2009.

Wood, Charlene M., John R. Spence and David W. Langor. 2009. Deadwood management and saproxylic beetle biodiversity. EMEND Annual Workshop. April 16-17, 2009.

Wood, Charlene M., David W. Langor and John R. Spence. 2009. Deadwood-dependent beetles and forest management. EMEND Annual Workshop. April 16-17, 2009.

Pinzon, Jaime, John Spence and David Langor. 2009. Diversity patterns of spiders in white spruce. 57th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Alberta.

Pyper, Matthew , J.R. Spence, D.W. Langor. 2009. Influence of retention patch isolation on ground dwelling beetles: Implications for harvest block design. EMEND Annual Workshop 2009, 16-17 April 2009.

Bodeux, Brett. 2009. Investigating patterns of species diversity for a moth assemblage in a boreal forest stand. EMEND Annual Workshop - 2009.

Pinzon, Jaime and John Spence. 2009. Maintaining spider diversity by emulating natural disturbances. Sustainable Forest Management Network Workshop.

Pinzon, Jaime and John Spence. 2009. Maintaining spider diversity by emulating natural disturbances.. XIII World Forestry Congress.

Diaz, Irma and Sylvie Quideau. 2009. Mesostigmatan mite assemblages of the boreal mixedwood forest floor. EMEND Annual Workshop 2009, 16-17 April 2009.

Schwarzfeld, Marla and Felix Sperling. 2009. Patterns of ichneumonid (Insecta: Hymenoptera) diversity in a boreal forest ecosystem. EMEND Annual Workshop 2009, 16-17 April 2009.

Pinzon, Jaime, John Spence and David Langor. 2009. Prescribed Burning and Variable Retention Harvesting: What have we learned in 10 years from a Spider perspective?. EMEND Annual Workshop 2009, 16-17 April 2009.

Pinzon, Jaime and John Spence. 2009. Spider recovery after harvesting and prescribed burning. EMEND Annual Workshop.

Wood, Charlene M., Spence, John R. and Langor, David W.. 2009. The value of aspen deadwood for saproxylic beetle biodiversity. EMEND Peace Region Workshop: EMEND Decade 1, November 13, 2009.

Blanchet, F. Guillaume and Colin Bergeron. 2009. What structures beetles communities in boreal forest?. Sustainable forest management network meeting.

Bergeron, Colin, Guillaume Blanchet. 2008. Accuracy and ecological relevance of Alberta Vegetation Inventory data. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Bergeron, Colin, Jaime Pinzon, Dustin Hartley and John Spence. 2008. Diversity and composition of Carabidae, Staphylinidae and Araneae according to pitfall trap depth and habitat. 23rd International Congress of Entomology.

Schwarzfeld, Marla. 2008. Diversity of parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) under various harvesting regimes in deciduous-dominated stands. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Bodeux, Brett. 2008. Diversity patterns of moths in Alberta's boreal forest. Zhejiang Biodiversity Meeting.

Pengelly, Chris. 2008. Does forestry affect bumble bees and bee-visited plant communities?. University of Calgary Ecology and Evolution Graduate Seminar.

Pengelly, Chris. 2008. Does forestry affect bumble bees and bee-visited plant communities?. Entomological Society of Alberta General Meeting 2008.

Pengelly, Chris. 2008. Does forestry impact the distribution of bumble bees across floral resources?. Canadian Society for Ecology and Evolution.

Spence, John, Colin Bergeron, Josh Jacobs, Jason Edwards, Jaime Pinzon, Esther Kamunya, Jan Volney, David Langor and Timothy Work. 2008. EMEND Entomology: Arthropod conservation and sustainable forest management. 23rd International Congress of Entomology.

Wood, CM, Spence, JR and Langor, DW. 2008. Habitat associations of saproxylic beetles in Populus dominated stands of northern Alberta. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Pyper, Matthew, J.R. Spence, and D.W. Langor. 2008. How well do Natural Disturbance based retention prescriptions preserve biodiversity? A closer look at beetles in retention patches. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Kamunya, Esther, J.R. Spence, and W.J.A. Volney. 2008. Impact of green tree retention on boreal moths. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Kamunya, Esther, John Spence, Jan Volney. 2008. Impact of retention harvest on boreal moth communities. Forest Industry Lecture Series (FILS) 2008 Poster Session. 6 March 2008.

Pyper, Matthew and Jaime Pinzon. 2008. Impact of Retention Practices on Biodiversity Conservation. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Jacobs, Joshua M., John R. Spence, and David W. Langor. 2008. Linking dead wood associated biodiversity with forest planning. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Pinzon, Jaime and John Spence. 2008. Look up! Spiders in the canopy and the effects of harvesting on different forest layers. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Pengelly, Chris and Ralph Cartar. 2008. Response of the bumble bee influenced pollination community to variable retention harvesting. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Pyper, M.P., J.R. Spence, D.W. Langor. 2008. Retention patch size influences beetle community persistence. Forest Industry Lecture Series (FILS) 2008 Poster Session. 6 March 2008..

Wood, CM, Langor, DW and Spence, JR. 2008. Saproxylic beetle assemblages from trembling aspen deadwood. Joint Annual Meeting of the Entomological Societies of Ontario and Canada. October 19-22, 2009.

Pinzon, Jaime and John Spence. 2008. Spider diversity as an index of forest sustainability. 56th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Alberta.

Pinzon, Jaime and John Spence. 2008. Spiders on tree trunks: Bark-dwelling specialists or opportunist species. Joint Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Canada and the Entomological Society of Ontario.

Diaz, Irma, Sylvie Quideau, Heather Proctor. 2008. Structure and function of mesostigmata mites in the boreal mixedwood forest. Forest Industry Lecture Series 2008 Poster Session. 6 March 2008.

Bergeron, Colin, John Spence. 2007. Accuracy and Ecological Relevance of Provincial Forested Land Classification. Sustainable Forest Management Network Student Poster Competition.

Jacobs, Joshua M., and John R. Spence. 2007. Adding Fire to Harvested Areas in the Boreal Forest: Is This a Better Emulation of Natural Wildfire?. XIII European Carabidologist's Meeting.

Jacobs, Josh and John Spence. 2007. Adding fire to harvested compartments: is this a better emulation of natural disturbance?. EMEND Annual Workshop 2007.

Pyper, M.P., J.R. Spence, and D.W. Langor. 2007. Beta-diversity as a supplement to single species indicators of biodiversity conservation within managed forests. 17th Annual General Meeting of the Alberta Chapter of the Wildlife Society.

Jacobs, J., J. Spence, and D. Langor. 2007. Decaying Wood: The Rise and Fall of Beetle Empires. 6th North American Forest Ecology Workshop.

Pyper, M.P., J.R. Spence, D.W. Langor, and F. He. 2007. Does quantity constitute quality: Implementing sustainable applications of aggregated retention in managed boreal forests. 6th North American Forest Ecology Workshop.

Pinzon, Jaime and John Spence. 2007. Effects of Harvesting on Spider Assemblages in the Canopy of Aspen (Populus tremuloides) and White Spruce (Picea galuca) Stands in the Boreal Forest. Entomological Society of Canada / Entomological Society of Saskatchewan Joint Annual Meeting.

Bergeron, C., J. Spence, and J. Volney. 2007. Fire History, Insect Outbreaks and Tree Rings in North Western Alberta. 6th North American Forest Ecology Workshop.

Pengelly, Chris. 2007. Impacts of forestry on the bumble bee community. Entomological Society of Alberta Annual Meeting 2007.

Pengelly, Chris, Ralph Cartar. 2007. Impacts of forestry on the bumble bee-influenced pollination community. EMEND Annual Workshop 2007.

Bergeron, Colin, John Spence, and Jan Volney. 2007. Landscape Ecology and Conservation of Carabid Beetles. XIII European Carabidologist's Meeting.

Pinzon, Jaime and John Spence. 2007. Performance of two arboreal pitfall trap designs as devices for collecting cursorial spiders from tree trunks in a boreal mixed wood forest in Canada. 17th International Congress of Arachnology.

Spence, John R., Joshua M. Jacobs, and Timothy T. Work.. 2007. Recovery of Boreal Carabid Assemblages Subsequent to Variable Retention Harvesting: Early Results from the Emend Experiment. XIII European Carabidologist\'s Meeting.

Pinzon, Jaime, John Spence, David Langor. 2007. Retained forest patches are important for spider conservation. Sustainable Forest Management Network.

Pinzon, Jaime, John Spence and David Langor. 2007. Retained forest patches are important for spider conservation. Sustainable Forest Management Network Poster Competition.

Pinzon, Jaime, John Spence and David Langor. 2007. Retained forest patches as important structural features for spider conservation after harvesting in the Boreal Forest. EMEND Annual Workshop 2007.

Pinzon, Jaime and John Spence. 2007. Retained forest patches as important structural features for spider conservation after harvesting in the boreal forest. 17th International Congress of Arachnology.

Wood, CM, Langor, DW and Spence, JR. 2007. Saproxylic beetle - deadwood habitat associations. Sustainable Forest Management Network Annual General Meeting. November 14, 2007.

Pyper, M.P., D.W. Langor, and J.R. Spence. 2007. Understanding edge effects: using carabid and staphylinid communities as indicators of biodiversity responses to forest fragmentation. 54th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Alberta.

Pinzon, Jaime. 2006. Conservation strategies in the North American Boreal Forest: Spiders as management tools. Arachnology Symposium at the II Colombian Congress of Zoology,.

Pinzon, Jaime and John Spence. 2006. Effects of retention patches on the community of ground-dwelling spiders in the Boreal Forest. 54th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Alberta.

Bergeron, Colin, J.R. Spence and J. Volney. 2006. Landscape level association between trees and ground dwelling beetles. Entomological Society of Canada / Soci?t? d'entomologie du Quebec Joint Annual Meeting 2006.

Jacobs, Joshua, Tim Work and John Spence. 2006. Recovery of Carabid communities to variable retention harvesting. Entomological Society of Canada / Soci?t? d'entomologie du Quebec Joint Annual Meeting 2006.

Pinzon, Jaime and John Spence. 2006. Spiders associated to tree trunks in a Boreal Mixedwood forest: Effectiveness of two arboreal pitfall traps. 54th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Alberta.

Edwards, J.E., J. Spence, J. Volney, T. Work, and D. Shorthouse. 2005. Arthropod diversity of the Ecosystem Management Emulating Natural Disturbance (EMEND) Project. Western Forest Insect Work Conference.

Jacobs, Josh, JR Spence, DW Langor. 2005. Breaking down the break-down: The rise and fall of beetle empires.. Entomological Society of Canada / Entomological Society of Alberta Joint Annual Meeting, October 2005.

Bergeron, C., J.R. Spence, W.J.Volney. 2005. Do Humans and Beetles See the Same Forest?. Western Forest Insect Work Conference.

Kamunya, Esther, J.R. Spence, W.J.A. Volney. 2005. Dynamics of a Lepidoptera (moth) community in managed boreal forests of northwestern Alberta, Canada. Entomological Society of Canada / Entomological Society of Alberta Joint Annual Meeting.

Work, TT, CM Buddle, S Brais, JR Spence, WJA Volney. 2005. Effectiveness of variable retention harvesting for the maintenance of arthropod biodiversity in boreal mixedwood forests across Canada. North American Forest Ecology Workshop.

Bergeron, Colin, JR Spence, WJA Volney. 2005. Ground-dwelling beetle and forest mosaic.. Entomological Society of Canada / Entomological Society of Alberta Joint Annual Meeting.

Jacobs, Joshua. 2005. Habitat utilization of the pyrophilous beetle Sericoda quadripuctata (Carabidae) in burned white spruce stands. Entomological Society of Canada / Entomological Society of Alberta Joint Annual Meeting.

Bergeron, C, JR Spence, WAJ Volney. 2005. Linking natural disturbances, forest composition and structure and insect biodiversity: an example from the boreal mixedwood forest. North American Forest Ecology Workshop.

Jacobs, JM, DW Langor, J Hammond, JR Spence. 2005. Maintaining saproxylic beetles in the western Canadian mixedwood: priorities and surprises. North American Forest Ecology Workshop.

Langor, David W, JR Spence, JEH Hammond, J Jacobs, T Cobb. 2005. Maintaining saproxylic insects in managed forests. Entomological Society of Canada / Entomological Society of Alberta Joint Annual Meeting.

Bergeron, Colin, John Spence. 2005. Pitfall trap depth in 3 forest habitats. Entomological Society of Canada / Entomological Society of Alberta Joint Annual Meeting.

Spence JR, DW Langor, WJA Volney, J Jacobs. 2005. Unthreatening forest arthropods: simultaneous management of ?beezillions? of small and heterogenous risks. Entomological Society of Canada / Entomological Society of Alberta Joint Annual Meeting.

Work, Timothy T, JR Spence, DW Langor, M. Koivula, J Sweeney. 2005. Using core species assemblages and rare carabid taxa to evaluate forest change in Canada.. Entomological Society of Canada / Entomological Society of Alberta Joint Annual Meeting.

Jacobs, Josh. 2003. Large scale and small scale effects of forest cover on saproxylic beetle assemblages. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 13-14 May 2003.

Bergeron, Colin, John Spence, Jan Volney. 2003. Natural Disturbance and Spatial Organisation of Forest Communities. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 13-14 May 2003.

Bergeron, C., J. Edwards and T. Work. 2002. A frigid caterpillar hunter. 50th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Alberta, 24-26 October 2002.

Jacobs, Josh. 2002. Beetle communities of EMEND: the effect of stand type on saproxylic beetles and the distribution of epigeic beetles following fire. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 2-3 May 2002.

Jacobs, J., JR Spence & DW Langor. 2002. Distribution of eipgaeic beetles in a burned forest. 4th Int Workshop on Disturbance Dynamics in Boreal Forests, 9-14 August 2002.

Jacobs, J. and J.R. Spence. 2002. Distribution of saproxylic beetles along a successional gradient. 4th Int Workshop on Disturbance Dynamics in Boreal Forests, 9-14 August 2002.

Jacobs, J.and J.R. Spence. 2002. Diversity of saproxylic beetles along a forest successionl pathway: from wildfire to old-growth to harvesting. Annual meeting of the Entomological Society of Canada, 5-9 October 2002.

Shorthouse, D.P., J.J. Jacobs and T.T. Work. 2002. Dr. Spence's lonely heart's club band: dealing with singletons and doubletons. 50th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Alberta, 24-26 October 2002.

Jacobs, J.and J.R. Spence. 2002. Effects of forest harvest on saproxylic beetle assemblages. 50th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Alberta, 24-26 October 2002.

Cartar, Ralph. 2002. Effects of logging at EMEND on bumble bee-flower relationships. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 2-3 May 2002.

Bergeron, C., J.R. Spence and W.J.A. Volney. 2002. Fire, insect outbreak and stand dynamics on EMEND landscape. Sustainable Forest Management Network Conference, Advances in Forest Management: From Knowledge to Practice, 13-15 November 2002.

Spence, J.. 2002. Managing risk to arthropod populations with unharvested reserves. BorNet International Conference on Biodiversity Conservation in Boreal Forests, 27-28 May 2002.

Bergeron, Colin. 2002. Natural disturbance regime and resulting insect biodiversity on EMEND landscape. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 2-3 May 2002.

Buddle, C., D.W. Langor, J.R. Spence and G.R. Pohl. 2002. Successional trajectories of arthropod assemblages following wildfire and harvesting in boreal Populus forests. 4th Int Workshop on Disturbance Dynamics in Boreal Forests, 9-14 August 2002.

Biodiversity

Wood, CM, Spence, JR, Langor, DW. 2011. Saproxylic Beetle Communities of Trembling Aspen Deadwood. International Symposium On Dynamics and Ecological Services of Deadwood in Forest Ecosystems. May 15-19, 2011.

Blanchet, Guillaume F.. 2010. Comparing species-area relationships between boreal forests guilds. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Bodeux, Brett and Fangliang He. 2010. Impacts of forest harvesting on the spatial structure and distribution of moth species diversity in a highly fragmented boreal forest landscape. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Bodeux, Brett and Laura Gray. 2007. Size does matter: tree diameter distributions and successional patterns in Alberta's boreal forest. EMEND Annual Workshop 2007.

He, Fangliang. 2007. Stand Structure, Spatial Pattern, and Dynamics of the Boreal Mixedwood Forests of Alberta. EMEND Annual Workshop 2007.

Spence, J.R., T.T. Work, S.E. Macdonald, W.J.A. Volney, D. Johnson, D.W. Langor and F.K.A. Schmiegelow. 2003. EMEND and biodiversity: some management implications. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 13-14 May 2003.

Lindo, Zoe and Suzanne Visser. 2003. Harvesting effects on soil microarthropods and Oribatid mites at EMEND. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 13-14 May 2003.

Cobb. T.P.. 2003. Scaling up a large-scale experiment: Comparing EMEND with naturally disturbed systems. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 13-14 May 2003.

Shorthouse, David. 2003. Should We Pay Heed to Eight-legged Rarity at EMEND?. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 13-14 May 2003.

Spence, J. & WJA Volney. 2002. A large-scale experiment about forestry and biodiversity: the good, the bad and the useful. Sustainable Forest Management Network Variable Retention Workshop, 15-16 February 2002.

Lindo, Zoe and S. Visser. 2002. Forest floor nutrient availability, microathropod abundance and biological properties following partial- and clear-cut harvesting in conifer and deciduous stands. Sustainable Forest Management Network Conference, Advances in Forest Management: From Knowledge to Practice, 13-15 November 2002.

Lindo, Zoe. 2002. Forest harvesting effects on soil mesofauna and decomposition processes. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 2-3 May 2002.

Work, T.T., J.R. Spence, W.J.A. Volney and K. Cryer. 2002. Habitat compostion versus habitat structure: evaluating coarse filter strategies for maintaining invertebrates in boreal forests. Annual meeting of the Entomological Society of Canada, 5-9 October 2002.

Work, T.T., D. Shorthouse, J.R. Spence and W.J.A. Volney. 2002. Impact of six intensities of forest harvest on rove beetle communities in western boreal forests. 50th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Alberta, 24-26 October 2002.

Volney, W.J.A. & J.R. Spence. 2002. Insects as disturbance agents in boreal forests. 4th Int Workshop on Disturbance Dynamics in Boreal Forests, 9-14 August 2002.

Work, T.T.. 2002. Interaction between harvest intensity and covertype on Carabid beetles two years post-treatment. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 2-3 May 2002.

Park, J.S., E. Crone, and M.L. Reid. 2002. Landscape level influences on dispersal by pest insects in managed forests. Sustainable Forest Management Network Conference, Advances in Forest Management: From Knowledge to Practice, 13-15 November 2002.

Park, J., E. Crone, M. Reid. 2002. Modeling bark beetle dispersal in a harvested landscape. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 2-3 May 2002.

Shorthouse, D.P., T.T. Work, and J.R. Spence. 2002. Multiple-scale linkages of boreal forest spiders to habitat structure modifications. Sustainable Forest Management Network Conference, "Advances in Forest Management: From Knowledge to Practice", 13-15 November 2002.

Morneau, L.. 2002. Partial cutting impacts on moths and lepidopteran defoliators in a boreal mixedwood forest of Alberta. M.Sc. thesis seminar, 28 January 2002.

Work, T.T., J.R. Spence, D.P. Shorthouse and K. Cryer. 2002. Retention thresholds for carabid beetle communities in boreal forests. 4th Int Workshop on Disturbance Dynamics in Boreal Forests, 9-14 August 2002.

Shorthouse, D.P., J.R. Spence and W.J.A. Volney. 2002. Spider wanderings as correlated random walk. Annual meeting of the Entomological Society of Canada, 5-9 October 2002.

Wesley, J.. 2002. The impacts of variable retention harvesting on phytophagous insects and their parasitoids in the boreal forest. M.Sc. thesis seminar, 22 September 2002.

Shorthouse, David. 2002. Threading the EMEND needle with spider data. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 2-3 May 2002.

Mills, S.E., S.E. Macdonald and D.H. Vitt. 2001. Predicting bryophyte species richness at small scales in the boreal forest. Canadian Botanical Association Annual Meeting, 23-27 June 2001.

Lazaruk, L.W., S.E. Macdonald and P.D. Khasa. 2001. The effect of alternative harvesting on the abundance and diversity of white spruce ectomycorrhizae in a boreal forest ecosystem. Canadian Botanical Association Annual Meeting, 23-27 June 2001.

Lazaruk, L & SE Macdonald. 2001. The impact of alternative harvesting practices on the diversity of ectomycorrhizal fine roots in a boreal forest. ?Partners in Conservation? Conference, Alberta Conservation Association, February 2001.

EMEND General Overviews

Matt Robinson. 2015. Effects of forest disturbance and green tree retention on upland habitat suitability of wood frogs. Alberta Biodiversity Conservation Chairs Annual Science Advisory Meeting.

Seaton, Hugh, Matthew Pyper, Kate Wilson. 2010. EMEND technology transfer update. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Sun, I Fang. 2010. Managing forest plantations for biodiversity conservation and timber production in Taiwan. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Spence, John. 2010. Planned outcomes, progress, smelling the flowers and new opportunities. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Spence, John. 2009. A short history and rationale. EMEND Peace Region Workshop: EMEND Decade 1, November 13, 2009.

Spence, John, J. Edwards, S. Luchkow, C. Quinn, J. Stadt, T. Vinge, J. Volney, P. Wearmouth, J. Witiw, T. Archibald, T. Barker, C. Hahn, F. He, D. Johnson, B. Kishchuk, D. Langor, V. Lieffers, E. Macdonald, K. McClain, E. Phillips, S. Quideau, F. Schmiegelow, D. Sidders, B. Tomm and T. Work. 2009. EMEND: Managing forestry in light of natural disturbance on western boreal landscapes. Sustainable Forest Management Network 5th National Conference: Envisioning Tomorrow's Forests. April 21- 23, 2009.

Spence, John, Jan Volney, and Jason Edwards. 2009. Taking EMEND Beyond the Boundaries. Foothills Research Institute 2009 Annual General Meeting.

Spence, John. 2009. The Road to EMEND. EMEND Annual Workshop - 2009.

Spence, John, Jan Volney, and Dave Langor. 2008. EMEND: Comparison of natural and anthopogenic disturbance on a forested boreal landscape. IUFRO Conference, "Old Forests, New Management", 17-21 February 2008.

Edwards, Jason, John Spence, Jan Volney, on behalf of EMEND Partners and Participants. 2007. Implementing forest ecosystem science: issues, a case study, and recommendations. FORREX Science to Management Forum: Overcoming Obstacles to Variable Retention in Forest Management. September 25-27, 2007.

Spence, JR, WJA Volney, SE Macdonald. 2005. Development, structure and early results of the EMEND experiment. North American Forest Ecology Workshop.

Edwards, Jason, John Spence, Jan Volney,. 2005. The Ecosystem Management Emulating Natural Disturbance (EMEND) Project. North American Forest Ecology Workshop.

Edwards, J.E., W.J.A. Volney, J.R. Spence, D. Sidders, T. Work. 2004. Does variable retention maintain ecosystem function? Preliminary assessment of ecosystem health and forest regeneration at the EMEND experimental forest area. Variable Retention Science Forum, 21-22 April 2004.

Work, T.T., and Suzanne Brais. 2003. Forging Links in Boreal Research: Integration of datasets from the EMEND and SAFE experimental sites. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 13-14 May 2003.

Spence, J. & WJA Volney. 2002. EMEND, Entomology and Evangelism. Seminar, Department of Entomology, 3 June 2002.

Macdonald, S.E., J.R. Spence, W.J.A. Volney, D. Johnson, F.K.A. Schmiegelow, D.W. Langor, and T.T. Work. 2002. Leaky lifeboats and forest management options: the initial biotic responses to green-tree retention harvests at EMEND. Sustainable Forest Management Network Conference, "Advances in Forest Management: From Knowledge to Practice", 13-15 November 2002.

Spence, John, Jan Volney, Derek Sidders, Steve Luchkow, Tim Vinge, Frank Oberle, Dan Gilmore, J. P. Bielech, Pat Wearmouth, Jason Edwards, Peter Bothwell, David Shorthouse, Dan Wilkinson, and Suzanne Brais. 2002. The EMEND Experience. Sustainable Forest Management Network Conference, "Advances in Forest Management: From Knowledge to Practice", 13-15 November 2002.

Spence, J.R., WJA Volney, B Kishchuk, DW Langor, SE Macdonald, D Sidders and TT Work. 2002. The EMEND Experiment: the basin view of a growing data ocean. 4th Int Workshop on Disturbance Dynamics in Boreal Forests, 9-14 August 2002.

Fire Science

Archibald, Tom. 2007. The EMEND Prescribed Burn Program. EMEND Annual Workshop 2007.

Bothwell, Pete. 2002. EMEND 2002 Fire Season. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 2-3 May 2002.

Bothwell, P.M., W.J. de Groot, and C. McGuinty. 2002. Using prescribed fire in boreal ecosystems: The EMEND experience. Emulating Natural Forest Landscape Disturbances: Concepts and Applications. An International Science Symposium. May 11-16, 2002.

Harvesting Economics

Phillips, Eric. 2009. Harvesting productivity and logistics –what did we learn from EMEND?. EMEND Peace Region Workshop, November 13, 2009.

Hydrology and Microclimate

van Everdingen, David and Andrea Mellor. 2008. Effects of timber harvesting, fire, forest regeneration and succession on seasonal soil temperature, subsurface water and snow accumulation. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Hillman, Graham, Jim Stewart, Cecilia Feng, Colin Fraser and Travis Jones. 2003. Hydrology: Variable retention effects and silviculture implications. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 13-14 May 2003.

Hillman, G., C. Feng, and G. Taylor. 2002. Hydrological?ecological linkages in a spruce dominant stand. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 2-3 May 2002.

Invertebrate Diversity

Abele, Suzanne, Ellen Macdonald, and John Spence. 2010. Gastropod community structure at EMEND: responses covertype and retention harvests. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Oxbrough, Anne, John Spence, John O’Halloran. 2010. Linking litter-dwelling invertebrate diversity to small-scale variation in habitat structure – implications for forest management. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Abele, Suzanne E., S.E. Macdonald, and J.R. Spence. 2009. Gastropod Distribution Following Retention Harvest. EMEND Annual Workshop 2009, 16-17 April 2009.

Abele, Suzanne. 2008. Distribution Patterns of Forest Gastropod Communities. Forest Industry Lecture Series 2008 Poster Presentations.

Abele, Suzanne, S.E. Macdonald, J. Spence. 2008. Gastropod Diversity and Distribution in the Boreal Mixedwood. Joint Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Canada and the Entomological Society of Ontario, 19-22 October 2008.

Abele, Suzanne, Ellen Macdonald, John Spence. 2008. Gastropod diversity in the boreal mixedwood forest of northern Alberta. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Abele, Suzanne. 2008. Gastropod habitat preferences at EMEND. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Abele, Suzanne, S.E. Macdonald, J. Spence. 2008. Snails and Slugs in the Boreal. Forest Explorers 2008, 25-26 November 2008.

Abele, Suzanne, S. Ellen Macdonald, John Spence. 2007. Gastropod diversity in the boreal mixedwood forest of Alberta: variation among forest types and response to partial harvesting. EMEND Annual Workshop 2007.

Abele, Suzanne, S.E. Macdonald, J.R. Spence. 2007. The Influence of Forest Type on Gastropod Communities. SFMN Annual General Meeting Student Poster Competition.

Partner Perspective

Witiw, Jim. 2010. EMEND Research: A partner’s perspective on industry drivers and relevance at 2010. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Vinge, Tim. 2010. EMEND: Painting a picture of ecological function; putting ecological knowledge to work for the energy sector. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Witiw, Jim. 2009. A partner's perspective on industry drivers and 10th year deliverables. EMEND Annual Workshop 2009, 16-17 April 2009.

Stadt, John. 2009. Alberta Government perspectives. EMEND Annual Workshop 2009, 16-17 April 2009.

Stadt, John. 2009. EMEND - an Alberta Government Perspective. EMEND Peace Region Workshop, November 13, 2009.

Witiw, Jim. 2009. EMEND Research: A partner’s perspective on industry drivers and 10th-year deliverables. EMEND Annual Workshop, 16-17 April 2009.

Witiw, Jim. 2009. EMEND Research: a partner’s perspective on industry drivers and 10th-year deliverables. EMEND Peace Region Workshop, November 13, 2009.

Vinge, Tim. 2009. EMEND: Painting a picture of ecological function. EMEND Peace Region Workshop, November 13, 2009.

White, Barry. 2009. Land Insight! Stay the course: what does EMEND offer of relevance across sectors for today’s Alberta?. EMEND Peace Region Workshop: EMEND Decade 1, November 13, 2009.

Volney, Jan and John Spence. 2009. Where in EMEND does the world fit?. EMEND Peace Region Workshop, November 13, 2009.

Volney, Jan. 2008. Canada's boreal forest and EMEND. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Witiw, Jim and Tim Barker. 2008. EMEND Research: A partners perspective on value, industry drivers and near-term needs. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

McClain, Keith. 2008. Provincial policy perspectives and EMEND. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Witiw, Jim. 2008. Retention concepts and practices, DMI strategy in natural disturbance emulation. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Vinge, Tim and Tim Barker.. 2007. Forest Industry Perpectives, DMI. EMEND Annual Workshop 2007.

Witiw J and Barker T. 2007. Retention Concepts & Practices -DMI Strategy; Natural Disturbance Emulation. DMI Public Advisory Committee Meeting, March, 2007 and DMI Contractor and Staff Training, July, 2007.

Stadt, John J.. 2005. Alberta Forest Management Planning Standard - Biodiversity Standards. EMEND AGM - 2005.

Pattern and Processes

White, Barry, David Campbell, Jae Ogilvie, Doug Hiltz and Paul Arp. 2010. Alberta's Wet Areas Mapping Initiative: opportunities to spatially assess biodiversity patterns as influenced by moisture. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Bergeron, Colin. 2010. Fire history and dendrochronology of the EMEND landscape. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Pengelly, Chris and Ralph Cartar. 2009. Bumble bees and bumble bee visited plants at EMEND. EMEND annual Workshop 2009, 16-17 April 2009.

Langor, David W. and Daryl J. Williams. 2009. Coarse Woody Material at EMEND: Pattern and Processes. EMEND Annual Workshop - 2009.

He, Fangliang. 2009. Tree size distribution: Linking patterns to processes. EMEND Annual Workshop 2009, 16-17 April 2009.

Bodeux, Brett. 2008. 2008 a spatial odyssey: the effect of geographic distance on boreal forest moth species diversity. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Gray, Laura, Fangliang He. 2008. Are my neighbours my enemies?: determining the density-dependent effect in the Alberta boreal forest. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

He, Fangliang. 2008. Beta-diversity and its applications to biodiversity management and conservation. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

White, Peter, Brett Bodeux, Brian McGill, and Fangliang He. 2008. How many moths are there? Using stand structure to predict site traits that are difficult to assess without extensive sampling. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Yu, Xiao-Dong. 2008. Interactions between litter decomposition, soil animals, and plant diversity. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Longpre, Felix. 2008. The effect of partial cuts on the variability of carabid beetle diet. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Blanchet, F. Guillaume and Colin Bergeron. 2007. Spatial analysis of forest communities. Sustainable forest management network meeting.

Volney, W.J.A., D.W. Langor and J.R. Spence. 2003. Coarse woody debris and productivity at EMEND. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 13-14 May 2003.

Frey, B.. 2002. Impacts of forest floor disturbance on vegetation and nutrient dynamics in clear cut and partial cut stands. M.Sc. thesis seminar, 23 August 2002.

Fenniak, T and SE Macdonald. 2001. Understory vascular plant regeneration and environmental response with varied canopy removal at the EMEND site, northern Alberta. ?Partners in Conservation? Conference, Alberta Conservation Association, February 2001.

Productivity

Zhang, Jain, Fangliang He, and Shongming Huang. 2010. Modeling tree growth, mortality, and biomass dynamics in Alberta forests. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Solarik, Kevin, W. Jan A. Volney, Victor J. Lieffers, John R. Spence and Andreas Hamann. 2010. Mortality of residual trees 10 years after variable retention harvest in the boreal forest: results from EMEND. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Hahn, Charlene, John Spence and Jan Volney. 2009. Forest Biomass Change in Response to Harvest at EMEND. EMEND Annual Workshop - 2009.

Silviculture

Solarik, Kevin, Vic Lieffers, and Jan Volney. 2009. Tree survival and establishment in the 10 years after the variable-retention harvests at the EMEND experiment. EMEND Annual Workshop 2009, 16-17 April 2009..

Gradowski, Tomasz, Derek Sidders, Victor Lieffers, Simon Landh?usser, Jan Volney, Tim Keddy, and John Spence. 2008. Spruce and Aspen regeneration in EMEND. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Keddy, Tim, Derek Sidders. 2007. Establishing white spruce under various mixedwood overstory retention levels using container seedlings on natural and created microsites. EMEND Annual Workshop 2007.

Stewart, J.. 2003. Mechanical site preparation as a tool for regenerating Picea glauca in partial-cut neo-boreal mixedwood forests. Unevenaged Forest Management: Alternative Forms, Practises and Constraints, IUFRO Conference, June 2003.

Sidders, Derek. 2003. Silviculture Systems Research Studies: Resulting Opportunities and Potential Applications. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 13-14 May 2003.

Stewart, J.. 2003. The Ecophysiological Basis for Regeneration Silviculture of Boreal Picea glauca. World Forestry Congress, September 2003.

Stewart, J.. 2003. The regeneration environments of a poplar-based and a spruce-based shelterwood. Unevenaged Forest Management: Alternative Forms, Practises and Constraints, IUFRO Conference, June 2003.

Varma, A. and K. Greenway. 2002. EMEND deciduous regeneration survey. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 2-3 May 2002.

Phillips, E. and D. Sidders. 2002. EMEND study: harvesting efficiency and silviculture systems response in 10,20,50, and 75 percent retention treatments and clearcuts.. Sustainable Forest Management Network Conference, "Advances in Forest Management: From Knowledge to Practice", 13-15 November 2002.

Sidders, Derek. 2002. Silviculture core study, 2-year growth response, and technology transfer activities. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 2-3 May 2002.

Small Mammals

Harrison, B. and F. Schmiegelow. 2002. The stand-level response of boreal forest songbirds to experimental partial-cut harvest in northwestern Alberta, Canada. Sustainable Forest Management Network Conference, "Advances in Forest Management: From Knowledge to Practice", 13-15 November 2002.

Soils and Nutrient Cycling

Kishchuk, Barbara, Sylvie Quideau, Kirsten Hannam, Lucie Jerabkova, Mathew Swallow, Irma Díaz. 2009. Soils and best practices in the EMEND Experiment. EMEND Peace Region Workshop: EMEND Decade 1, November 13, 2009.

Swallow, Mathew, Sylvie Quideau, and Derek Mackenzie. 2007. Prescribed burning: Effects upon microbial communities within boreal forest floors. EMEND Annual Workshop 2007.

Barbara Kishchuk. 2006. Eight years of soils research in the Ecosystem Management Emulating Natural Disturbance (EMEND) Experiment. Guest lecture (In Spanish).

Hannam, K.D., S.A. Quideau, B.E. Kishchuk, S.W. Oh, R.E. Wasylishen. 2003. Forest floor organic matter composition in deciduous- and conifer-dominated stands at EMEND. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 13-14 May 2003.

Hannam, K.. 2003. Forest floor organic matter composition in the boreal mixedwood as revealed by CPMAS 13C-NMR. Canadian Soil Science Society Annual Meeting, August 2003.

Jerabkova, Lucie, Cindy Prescott, Barbara Kishchuk. 2003. Nitrogen cycling in boreal mixedwoods. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 13-14 May 2003.

Kishchuk, Barbara, Sylvie Quideau, Kirsten Hannam, Lucie Jerabkova, Cindy Prescott, and Martin Blank. 2003. Taking it Apart and Putting it Back Together: Nutrients, Organic Matter, and Productivity in the EMEND Experiment. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 13-14 May 2003.

Kishchuk, Barbara. 2002. Nutritional and soil organic matter responses to the disturbance in the EMEND experiment. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 2-3 May 2002.

Kishchuk, B.E., S.A. Quideau, and C.E. Prescott. 2002. Organic Matter and Nitrogen Processes in Boreal Mixedwoods: Indicators of Sustainable Site Productivity. Canadian Society of Soil Science Annual Meeting, May 2002.

Kishchuk, B.E. and G. Hillman. 2001. Ecosystem dynamics in the Ecosystem Management Emulating Natural Disturbance (EMEND) Project. Canadian Forest Service Science and Technology Forum, November, 2001.

Tree Genetics

Rajora, O.P., I.K. Mann, Y.-Z. Shi. 2003. Genetic diversity of white spruce in pristine old-growth conifer-dominated and mixed-wood forest stands: Benchmarks for determining and monitoring genetic effects of harvesting and forest fires. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 13-14 May 2003.

Vegetation

Caners, Richard, S.E. Macdonald, Rene Belland. 2010. Biological traits reveal the susceptibility of mosses and liverworts to habitat change after partial harvesting. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Chavez, Virginia and Ellen Macdonald. 2010. Understory species interactions in mature boreal mixedwood forests. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Caners, Richard, Ellen Macdonald, Rene Belland. 2009. Short-term response of liverworts and mosses (bryophytes) along a gradient of partial harvesting.. EMEND Annual Workshop 2009, 16-17 April 2009.

Chávez, Virginia and S. Ellen Macdonald. 2009. The importance of canopy patches on vascular understory plants in boreal mixedwood forest. EMEND Annual Workshop 2009, 16-17 April 2009.

Macdonald, Ellen, Richard Caners, Ashley Craig, Treena Fenniak. 2009. The understory story: Effects of variable retention harvesting on understory plant communities. EMEND Peace Region Workshop: EMEND Decade 1, November 13, 2009.

Caners, Richard, Ellen Macdonald, and Rene Belland. 2008. Bryophytes (mosses and liverworts) as indicators of habitat quality in harvested mixedwood boreal forests. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Chavez, Virginia and Ellen Macdonald. 2008. Neighborhood effects of understory functional groups in mixedwood forests. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Mcdonald, Ellen, R. Caners, V. Chavez, A. Craig, T. Fenniak, and S. Mills. 2008. Plant communities of the boreal mixedwood forest and their response to variable retention harvesting: What have we learned from EMEND and how is it relevant to forest management?. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Craig, Ashley and Ellen Macdonald. 2008. The effects of variable retention harvesting on understory vegetation at EMEND. EMEND Annual Workshop, 17-18 April 2008.

Craig, Ashley, S. Ellen Macdonald. 2007. Effects of varying intensities of green tree retention harvesting on understory plant communities in the boreal mixedwood forest. EMEND Annual Workshop 2007.

Caners, Richard. 2007. Regulation of bryophyte diaspore bank composition in mixedwood boreal forests.. EMEND Annual Workshop 2007.

Ellen Macdonald. 2006. Growth and mortality of understory trees in the boreal mixedwood of Alberta. Mixedwood Management Association Workshop. December 13, 2006.

Ellen Macdonald. 2006. Understory plant communities in managed boreal mixedwoods. Sustainable Forest Management Network 4th International Conference, June 20-22, 2006.

Ellen Macdonald. 2005. Composition and biodiversity of the understory plant community in the mixedwood boreal forest. Universit? Laval.

Ellen Macdonald. 2005. Les facteurs contr?lant la diversit? et la composition du sous-bois dans la for?t bor?ale m?lange de l?ouest canadien: une le?on provenant des paysage naturels et am?nag. Universit? du Qu?bec en Abitibi-T?miscamingue.

Ellen Macdonald. 2005. Understory plant composition and diversity as indicators of ecological condition in partially-harvested boreal forests. 90th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America /9th International Congress of Ecology (INTECOL). August 7-12, 2005.

Johnson, Derek and Erin Flynn. 2002. CFS Understory Vegetation Biodiversity Study. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 2-3 May 2002.

Macdonald, S.E. and T. Fenniak. 2002. Understanding disturbance effects on forest understory plant communities: lessons from the EMEND experiment. 4th Int Workshop on Disturbance Dynamics in Boreal Forests, 9-14 August 2002.

Macdonald, S. Ellen, Treena Fenniak, Lance Lazaruk and Suzanne Mills. 2002. Understanding disturbance effects on understory plants and ectomycorrhizal fungi. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 2-3 May 2002.

White Spruce Regeneration

Solarik, Kevin, Victor J. Lieffers, W. Jan A. Volney, Rick Pelletier and John R. Spence. 2010. Seed tree density, variable retention and stand composition influence recruitment of white spruce in boreal mixedwood forests. EMEND Annual Workshop, 15-16 April 2010.

Gradowski, Tomasz. 2007. The influence of canopy composition, overstory retention level and site preparation treatment on survival and growth of planted white spruce. EMEND Annual Workshop 2007.

Stewart, J.. 2003. Ecosystem consequences of uneven-aged silviculture: the EMEND experiment in Canada?s western boreal forest. Unevenaged Forest Management: Alternative Forms, Practises and Constraints, IUFRO Conference, June 2003.

Gilmore, Daniel W.. 2002. Modelling early regeneration processes in mixed-species boreal forests of Alberta. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 2-3 May 2002.

Stewart, J., Travis Jones and Rick Hurdle. 2002. The Influence of Harvesting and Silvicultural Activities on White Spruce Regeneration. EMEND Annual General Meeting, 2-3 May 2002.

Stewart, J., R. Hurdle, D. Sidders, and T. Jones. 2002. White spruce regeneration in relation to microenvironmental modification by harvest and silvicultural activities. Sustainable Forest Management Network Conference, "Advances in Forest Management: From Knowledge to Practice", 13-15 November 2002.